There is much debate regarding the use of the Sacred Name, YHVH, and its alleged origin in or connection to witchcraft. That a Christian could denounce the claiming of this Holiest of Names as sorcery is beyond me, but I felt compelled to chime in. To put it concisely, Jesus said (as noted in John 5:43 KJV), “I am come in my Father’s name . . . ” Given the statistics, it can not be argued that the Name most notably and most consistently applied to the Godhead in the Old Testament is YHVH/Yehovah (יְהוָה). (I am most familiar, and thus most comfortable, with the pronunication Yehovah and will likewise express it in this form. However, most Old Testament Hebrew instances omit the second vowel letter, which transliterates as Yeh’vah. Interesting notes on ancient pronunciation can be found here.)
- In Exodus 6:2, God says clearly: “And God [Elohim] spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD [Yehovah/YHVH]:”
- He reiterates just afterward in verse 3: “. . . by my name JEHOVAH . . .” In Hebrew this reads: “וּשְׁמִי יְהוָה” or “and my name Yehovah/YHVH/ יְהוָה .”
- Exodus 15:3 declares: “The LORD [Yehovah/YHVH] is a man of war: the LORD is his name.” (“יְהוָה אִישׁ מִלְחָמָה יְהוָה שְׁמֹֽו׃”)
- Psalm 118:27 reads, “God is the LORD” or “אֵל יְהוָה” or “God (is) Yehovah/YHVH/יְהוָה .” (God, or El, is singular in this instance.)
- In Psalm 2:7, the Son states of His Father: “. . . the LORD [Yehovah/יְהוָה] hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; . . .”
- Yet again, Psalm 83:18 records: “. . . that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, . . .” (“…כִּֽי־אַתָּה שִׁמְךָ יְהוָה לְבַדֶּךָ… ”
That Jesus claimed He had come in His Father’s Name does not suggest to me that thus, by the process of substitution, the Father’s Name is really Jesus. (This notion is widely proclaimed of those who hold to the Oneness doctrine). If this were true, then I would have to likewise conclude that the Father’s Name is also David, for David said to Goliath, “I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts . . . .” (I Sam. 17:45) Rather, Jesus came in the Name–or authority and power (if not stead)–of His Father Yehovah. Several passages in the Gospels recount those hailing Jesus with the popular benediction, “Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.” Despite the Greek and English translations that blur this distinction, we can assume that this reference involved the Name Yehovah, as it is a direct quotation from Psalm 118:26: “Blessed (be) he that cometh in the name of the LORD [Yehovah/בָּרוּךְ הַבָּא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה.”) .[יְהוָה”) It seems clear to me that Jesus, the Son, came in the Name of His Father, Yehovah—that is, by the power of and underneath the authoritative cloak of His Father’s Name. Notwithstanding, as explained below, Yehovah is implicated as the Name of the uniplural Gods, and we may thus confer this rightful entitlement to the Son of God Himself—certainly upon His Resurrection.
Some claim that to call upon the Sacred Name Yehovah exclusively is to disregard the Son of God—even to bypass Him as Mediator—and to presumptuously invoke the Father alone. However, I do not find this scripturally accurate. Often when the Father is referenced in the Old Testament, the Name LORD appears in our English text, and the Name יְהֹוָה (Yehovah or YHVH) appears as its direct counterpart in Hebrew texts. However, this same Name יְהֹוָה / YHVH also appears where the Son is referenced in the Old Testament as well. (i.e., Joel 2:32; Is. 44:6; Zech. 12:10, etc.) Furthermore, the Name God in Hebrew is a uni-plural noun, meaning it is grammatically treated as a single unit though it denotes a clear plurality–like the word family. (In fact, for ease of understanding, we could virtually interchange all uni-plural instances of God with “the heavenly Monarchy” or perhaps “The Royal Three,” and this would convey a more approximate interpretation of the Beings that we unconsciously perceive as a single entity by virtue of the single title attributed them in our Bibles.) In most or all instances of the Name LORD God in the Old Testament, this is written in Hebrew as יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים (Yehovah Elohim), which translates literally as Yehovah (the) Gods. In I Samuel 6:20, this distinction is blatant: “. . . this holy LORD God” reads “יְהוָה הָאֱלֹהִים” or, literally, “Yehovah the Gods.” This plainly indicates that there is more than one godly Entity Who carries the Name of Yehovah. Likewise, other instances of Lord GOD (notice the reversal of capitalization) are rendered אֲדֹנָי יְהוִֽה (Adonay Yehovih) or, literally, my Lords (my Masters, etc.) YeHoVaH. The adjoining Names are different, but the plurality remains. It can not be denied or refuted: there is a denoted plurality (two or more) of YHVH in the Godhead!
“For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,” —Ephesians 3:14,15
I am especially disturbed by the modern-day “snipping away” of the facets of our Saviour’s Name that both bestow upon Jesus His proper inheritance of the Sacred Name and reveal His full identity. The word used for Lord in the New Testament Greek is κύριος (kyrios). It is often used as a title meaning sir, master, or lord, and it is likened to the Hebrew אָדוֹן (aw-done‘), which carries the same meanings. Christ (Χριστός or Christós) means anointed, and is merely an adjective or description, they say, likened to the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (mashiach, anointed). So here we have Jesus’s “first” Name reduced to a mere prefix or title and His “last” to a common adjective. I find this both insulting and troubling. There are plenty of references as to Jesus’s disciples having written the Scriptures in Hebrew, which would have unquestionably contained the Name Yehovah. There is proof as well that the ancient Septuagint, written in Greek, bore the Tetragrammaton in Hebrew in all or most places where Lord was used in reference to our Saviour. (See Tetragrammaton in the New Testament.) If I am to rely on this information, then I can confidently assume that Acts 2:36 should properly read, “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both LORD and Christ.” Jesus, Yeshua, has been made both Yehovah and Mashiach! These are not merely titles or descriptive applications, but they are our Lord’s full Name: LORD Jesus Christ! Yehovah Yeshua (ha)Mashiach!
May I not, then, in jubilant praise, exclaim “Yehovah!” in reference to the Son of God? May I not involve this Holiest of Names in my prayers and songs and supplications? And why not? Since Jesus came in His Father’s Name, and since His Father’s Name is indisputably יְהֹוָה (“Yehovah”/YHVH), and since that Holy Name clearly refers to the Son in the Old Testament, how can it be declared that I am somehow bypassing Jesus and imprudently appealing straight to the Father by calling on the Name YHVH in worship? To insinuate such is to strip Jesus from His rightful Lordship and to render YHVH as pertaining exclusively to the Father. That simply cannot be supported scripturally.
But the Bible says “there is none other name,” you say. (Acts 4:12) Absolutely! There is none other Name: 1) under heaven (emphasis on under as opposed to in); 2) given among men (as in mortals). If we track back from verse 12 to verse 10, we understand that there is no other name under heaven given among mortals whereby we must be saved than the Name Jesus Christ. (Jesus meaning “salvation” in Hebrew.) This does not read: “There is none other name on Earth permissible among men (period)” or “There is none other name in heaven that is to pass through your lips in worship.” It simply means that there is no salvation possible outside of Jesus Christ, try as one may, and it appropriately and undeniably connects Jesus Christ our LORD to the Godhead!
But what about the Devil’s crowd? The witches, warlocks, and practitioners of the occult who are equally invoking the Name יְהֹוָה / YHVH and its properties and are accessing its powers for their corrupt purposes? How is it that God’s archenemy, Lucifer, would entice his servants to call upon the very Name YHVH in the first place (why not ABCD?) or to chant it in rituals? How would he even know that such an invocation holds such magnificent and unrivaled power? Where do you think he got this idea, pray tell? To answer that, one must question where this ritual originated.
First of all, we know that Lucifer is but an imitator and not a creator. Everything he does is mere mimicry of what he stole from the True Author and Originator; he can truly generate nothing new in and of himself. It must be reasoned, then, that he had access to this knowledge before his fall from Heaven and that such a truth exists in a pure, holy, and untainted form in the yonder Regions. The fact that he has perverted the holy use of God’s Name does not make those who are rightfully claiming it or using it as a “battering ram” in spiritual warfare artisans of witchcraft any more than Moses was a sorcerer since Pharaoh’s magicians could reproduce the same miracles. It must be noted that the Devil’s crowd also believes that YHVH is Lucifer’s top demon (and some ascribe this Name to the archangel himself), and they also call upon the Names Elohim, Adonay, Jah/Yah, El Shadday, etc. and invoke the Tree of Life as well. (Every one of these is present in the Hebrew Torah.) Word on the street is that the Name Jesus is a modern rendition of the mythical (and diabolical) Zeus. They also light candles and burn incense in their dark meetings. (Funny, candlelight and incense were staples in the otherwise dark Mosaic Tabernacle as well.) They also convene in “prayer” circles. So, are we now to conclude that all these other invocations and actions have their origin in witchcraft, too? God forbid!
The Bible and commentaries abound with instances of God’s servants calling on His Name. One place where we see this act abounding is in Psalms, and if there was one person in the Bible who unrestrainedly praised, sang, and exulted the Name of Yehovah, it was King David! Alternatively, I need nothing more than Revelation 4:8 to remind me of those special ones who surround the Throne and chant without ceasing: “Holy, Holy, Holy, LORD God Almighty, who was, and is, and is to come.” (This is recorded in modern Hebrew texts as: יְהֹוָה אֱלׂהִים צְבָאֹות / Yehovah Elohim Tsevaot, or LORD God of hosts, as well as the fact that it apparently agrees with Isaiah 6:3, which similarly records: יְהוָה צְבָאֹות or Yehovah Tsevaot/LORD of hosts.) So I’ve no doubt as to where Lucifer came up with the idea to imitate his chant or invocation of the Almighty Name. Notice the Name “Jesus” is not present in the aforementioned chant (with all due respect). However, He clearly shares this dignity, as implied in Revelation 1:8—once again implicating the connection between Jesus and Yehovah as One and the same.
Thus, to suppose that a Christian, upon invoking the Sacred Name in true worship, is inadvertently practicing witchcraft simply because the powers of darkness do the same thing is fairly equivalent to saying that any Christian who possesses powers of precognition, clairvoyance, telepathy, or other sixth-sense abilities is aligned with the occult and is practicing soothsaying, sorcery, or the like. These are supernatural abilities that God Himself conveyed to man. Most all the prophets and patriarchs had visions and dreams of future events and perceived truths and realities that mankind did not reveal to them. Just because a psychic or medium or necromancer possesses or conjures these same abilities and uses them for dark purposes does not put a Christian on the same plane for possessing or utilizing this spiritual endowment with God’s blessing and under His anointing and guidance. So it is with our invocation of the Sacred Name.
I find but one reference in the Bible as to a “secret” Name, and yet, this word seems a mistranslation (as corroborated in alternative sources). Judges 13 gives the account of the Angel of the LORD visiting Manoah and his wife, the parents of Samson. Manoah inquires as to the Angel’s Name, and in verse 18, we have His reply: “And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?” Evidence of an ineffable Name? Not when we look to the Hebrew. His reply, in fact, was: “Why is this you ask (as) to my name? And it is פֶֽלִאי (peh-lee).” This word means wonderful and has as its root meanings: marvelous, extraordinary, remarkable, (too) difficult to be understood (see Psalm 139:6), something separated or consecrated; and it shares the same basis as the Son’s Name Wonderful (פֶּלֶא Peh-leh) as given in Isaiah 9:6. His Name is unsearchable, inscrutable, and of inestimable degree—certainly; but there is no indication that it is “off limits” verbally and is not to be uttered.
Some have gone so far as to dispel the veracity of the Bible itself with claims based on a vowel here or a consonant there. Consider, for example, that there is no such name as Lucifer in Hebrew. It is mentioned but once in the Old Testament, and it is “Heylal,” from the very same root as “halal” (which is the prefix for hallelujah). Since the occult world also embraces Jah (one of God’s Names) as a demonic entity, there are plenty of deceived zealots that thus conclude that when one is exclaiming “Hallelujah!” he is really praising Lucifer. The absurdities abound. Understand that there is a very thin line between the sacred and the occult, and if the imprudent continue to precariously skate upon this line and to spiral deeper into its coils, they may just may wind up with nothing to believe in at all—including their own Bible.
Per the argument that we should follow the questionable practice of not enunciating the Sacred Name in keeping with Jewish tradition so that we do not take it in vain, I noted in my studies that Exodus 20:7, as written in Hebrew, affords us a “twist” that we do not perceive in English. “Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain . . .” This commandment has (sadly) become so commonplace that we interpret it to simply mean: don’t say “Oh my God!” if you’re not praying. But the Hebrew reads, essentially: “Do not lift up the Name of Yehovah your Gods to wickedness, idolatry (and thus witchcraft, no?), evil, iniquity, calamity, destruction, falsehood, emptiness, a lie (i.e. deceitful practices).” This very command registers the fact that this Holiest of Names can be lifted up or abused by idolatrous and wicked/satanic means, as Satan’s crowd well knows. And note: the command is not “Thou shalt not take (lift up) the Name of the LORD/YHVH thy God,” but that thou shalt not take/lift it in vain. [Gesenius’ Lexicon translates this as “Utter not the name of Jehovah upon a falsehood.”]
Now . . . more on that Jewish tradition. It is held as common belief that on the Day of Atonement, the high priest entered into the Holy of Holies and uttered the Sacred Name YHVH but a single time on that day, never to be repeated until the following year, and never to be spoken by anyone other than that priest. From this website, we have this enlightening excerpt: “The Torah states that Yom Kippur was the only time when the High Priest could enter the Holy of Holies and call upon the Name of YHVH to offer blood sacrifice for the sins of the people.” I am surprised that the author would make such an unfounded claim, for there is no instance of the high priest calling upon the Name of the LORD in the Holy of Holies on that day in the Torah anywhere. Instead, one will find this information in the Talmud—the book of Jewish learning that also portrays Jesus as a sorcerer who is currently boiling in excrement as castigation for His idolatry. Here we have (and note the Talmudic references at the end): “The prohibition against the pronunciation of the name of God applies only to the Tetragrammaton, which could be pronounced by the high priest only once a year on the Day of Atonement in the Holy of Holies (cf. Mishnah Yoma 6:2), and in the Temple by the priests when they recited the Priestly Blessings” (Sot. 7:6; see also Ch. Albeck (ed.), Seder Nashim (1954), 387). As the Talmud expresses it: “Not as I am written am I pronounced. I am written yod he vav he, and I am pronounced alef dalet” (nun yod, i.e., Adonai; Kid. 71a).” Thus was it recorded in the Talmud not to pronounce the Name as it was written, but to replace it with Adonay—under penalty of death—as if God Almighty had given the instruction Himself! Furthermore, in the Jewish Encyclopedia, an entry under the Talmudic Amplifications with reference to the Day of Atonement states that “In the Mishnah the ceremonial is further enriched by elements having no Scriptural basis.” These elements include, of course, the high priest’s uttering the Name a single time on Yom Kippur, never to be spoken by anyone else. Whether the high priest uttered the Name YHVH in the Holy of Holies in Mosaic times or not (we have no record of such), this practice was certainly instituted by 300 B.C., when the Jewish authorities of the day made that fateful decision: that the Name YHVH was never to be freely uttered again.
It would seem clear that we are under no commandment to avoid enunciating His Holy Name (under the caution of most due reverence, I might add), for I find no such reference or implication in the Word. If the contrary is true, how does one explain, then, the manifold times that God spoke this Name to Moses and told Moses to repeat it in the ears of the people? (Or even in the ears of Pharaoh, for that matter!) How many prophets declared, “Thus saith the LORD/YHVH . . .”? What about the Psalms which are replete with instances of King David clearly uttering and singing the Name יְהוָה Yehovah, directly addressing the LORD by this Name, and instructing us to do likewise? What about the innumerable times that Jesus quoted or read Scripture directly from the Old Testament (i.e. Matt. 22:37; 23:39; Mark 12:29,36, Luke 4:16-20)? Am I to believe that Jesus Christ substituted YHVH with Adonay or HaShem per the (recent) custom of the day while quoting the Word? Why would He conceal this Holy Name among His listeners only to then proclaim: “And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it:” (John 17:26. See Deut. 32:3.) Worse yet, why would He misquote—and thus pervert!—the Immaculate Word?? Thus, to assume that believers in the Old Testament and those who followed Jesus never heard, never spoke, and were without knowledge as to how to correctly pronounce the Name YHVH is illogical and can not be supported per the Scriptures. (See Exodus 4:22; 5:1-3,17; 6:6-9; Luke 20:42)
“Therefore my people shall know my name (LORD/YHVH): therefore they shall know in that day that I am he that doth speak: behold, it is I.” (Isaiah 52:6)
“I will declare thy name (LORD/YHVH) unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.” (Psalm 22:22) (See Hebrews 2:9-12)
“The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the LORD (YHVH).” (Psalm 14:2-4)
Interestingly, those who did not call upon the Name יְהֹוָה / YHVH were addressed as the workers of iniquity. (Kind of puts the Talmudic scholars who decided to squelch the Name in a whole new light, doesn’t it?) In Hebrew, the last clause of verse 4 reads: “Yehovah they did not cry out (in a loud voice, proclaim, call unto, publish, etc.).”
One of the links below provides an exhaustive look into the historic decision on the part of Jewish leaders to stop pronouncing the Name יְהֹוָה , so I’ll not elaborate needlessly. However, I can’t help but wonder if this wasn’t all part of Satan’s scheme to strip the usage of “YeHoVaH” from common use and ultimately from our very Bibles. (Consider Revelation 2:9.) To suddenly institute that the pronunciation of the Name Yehovah constituted blasphemy (for the first time in some 3700 years) would seem a handy snare in which to later catch Jesus, and I wonder if this issue did not perhaps play a palpable role in His adversaries’ accusing Him of blasphemy. He would have no reason not to freely enunciate and declare the Name יְהֹוָה while quoting Scriptures and, as that custom had reportedly ceased from public use as a matter of “respect,” what disrespect and contempt His foes could now accuse Him of. What pomposity they could lay to His charge! According to this site, “the Talmud further expounds on 10:1 in 28b, that many rabbi’s taught that speaking The Name would forfeit any right to the world to come and one should be put to death for doing so. Although some were not so strong on it, the TRADITION began and is now held as defacto doctrine.” Again, I find no reference to such stipulations and judgments in the Word of God itself. It appears this tradition was entirely instituted by man, and I am reminded in Colossians 2:8: “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.” (Not surprisingly, this word spoil means to carry off as a captive [and slave] and to lead away from the truth.) We are warned in a number of verses as to the traditions of the Pharisees that were in dire conflict with the commandments of God. (Matt. 15:3; Mark 7:8,9,13)
And then there is the debate as to Yehovah vs. Yahweh, etc. I prefer Yehovah, as it seems the most reasonable and linguistically accurate version per my study of modern Hebrew, is the pronunciation most widely used in modern Hebrew Bibles, and it is the preferred pronunciation that I have long cherished. I say modern, because we have no means of confirming the actual pronunciation that God gave Moses or that Jesus granted the masses in biblical times. Regardless, even if “Yehovah” were an earthly variant that resulted through time, I do not see its use as any more offensive to God than the Name . . . God. Or Jesus. Or Christ. Or Lord. Or Dios. Or Christus. Or Theos. Or Jésu. Or Dominus. These are all earthly, temporal, linguistic variants of His Celestial Names, and He understands our human barriers and limitations. God Himself imposed these barriers and limitations upon the human race at the Tower of Babel, and I must therefore conclude that—understanding that His Name would then be rendered in innumerable languages and interpretations down through the ages—He was fully prepared to accept each and every version that the results produced. I don’t believe God is near as hung-up over a vowel sound of His Name as man is. He indwells our sinful, wicked hearts every moment of every day; He walked this wicked Earth in all of His Holiness and continues to impart His Spirit to sinful man; and He “became sin” for us and carried the weight of the world upon Himself. He is very used to our corruption and distortions and is full well able to sustain the minuscule “assault” of a vowel change to His Name due to our darkened and compromised humanity. No sound parent resents his toddler’s attempt at “Da-da” just because he can’t properly vocalize “Daddy.” Quite the contrary! He is usually elated that his offspring is attempting to cite his name at all. Due to His compassionate Love, I imagine that God views our limitations likewise. All the same, here is a most marvelous exposition on the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton and the most thorough that I have seen to date. It includes mention of ancient Egyptian inscriptions in stone, as well as some interesting (Jewish) concepts as to why Yahweh was introduced.
Furthermore, I ask: is this Name ineffable because it should not be uttered or because it can not be uttered (properly)? If the latter is true, then I’m certain the only understanding that we have remaining of that precious Name and the only pronunciation presently available to us as well as we are able to render per our finite humanity is as acceptable to God as the aforementioned examples.
I believe the greater concern should simply be to utilize the Holy Name and to speak it forth. Whether this is done alone or in conjunction with Yeshua/Jesus is perhaps irrelevant, for does it really matter to God that I say, “Blessed be Your Name, Yehovah! Thank you, Jesus! Praise God, Elohim! I love you, Lord!” and decide upon an array of His Names as to which one I shall bless in any given breath? I think not. Again, I believe the greater concern to be simply calling upon His Name (rather than obliterating it from our audible and verbal spectrums). The very scriptures in the Old Testament that urge us to call upon, praise, or sing His Name יְהוָה Yehovah—whether we choose to insert Jesus just then or not—give us license to do just that. (See Psalm 105:1; 116:13; 135:3; Zech. 13:9.)
I am not by any means diminishing the power, weight, and majesty of the Name Jesus. Jesus Is the Sweetest Name I Know! It is the Name above all names! It is the Name that I have called upon untold times and the sweetest of names that I shall never cease to praise. I am simply expressing that His other Name Yehovah is as much His own by right as His given name Yeshua, for it is a son’s very birthright to be called by his father’s name!
Lastly, while I am not endorsing every word as the gospel truth, the following link provides an awesome exposition of the blessed Name Yehovah Yeshua HaMashiach and a host of Scriptures that marry the Names together as One, that being: the LORD Jesus Christ! The author has done his homework and it’s powerful! If you can sit through this dry-eyed, you are lukewarm, my friend. See through to the end, because the clincher is at the very end. Yehovah Yeshua HaMashiach PDF
And while I do recognize the Trinity and the full Name of the LORD Jesus Christ as opposed to the author of the following link, he does postulate as to some conceivable—and even irrefutable—truths. God’s Name Forbidden
Some interesting theories on the etymology of the Blessed YHVH. YHWH meaning | YHWH etymology
This is a wonderful article on the reverent usage of the Blessed YHVH, its unfortunate (if not reprehensible) absenteeism from our Bibles, and a number of fallacies that have led to this result. Pronouncing YHVH: Calling on the Name of the LORD
While I am not specifically endorsing this “theory,” I found it most intriguing–especially given my background studies in the meanings of Hebrew letters. (These are three separate links.) YHVH-the Hand and the Nail; Jesus Revealed in the Tetragrammaton; Behold the Hand, Behold the Nail
I do not claim supreme or even advanced knowledge of what I have expressed, but I have not been able to unearth in my study any reference in the King James Bible or in the Hebrew Old Testament where the oral mention of the Name YHVH is expressly forbidden; or where God did not want it known among His people (or otherwise); or where the calling of it bypasses, ignores, or refutes the Son of God; or how my vocalizing it somehow involves my practice of the dark arts. See Genesis 4:1,26; Genesis 12:8, Genesis 15:2 (“Adonay YHVH”); Genesis 16:13; Exodus 5:1,2; Numbers 6:22-27; Deut. 6:13; Deut. 31:30 & 32:3,44; Joshua 2:12; Joshua 8:35,35; I Kings 18:24; I Chron. 16:8; Ruth 2:4 (this verse clearly illustrates that the Name was commonly spoken and used by ordinary individuals, as noted in this social salutation); I Sam. 24:10; Psalm 18:1; 116:13, 16; 129:8; Isaiah 12:4; Joel 2:32; Zephaniah 3:9; Zechariah 13:9, and so forth and so on.
“For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.” 2 Timothy 4:3-4
© 2015 H.C. Kaff